Tips for Sun Protection
At Broaddus Family Medicine, we want you to be educated on sun safety.
That's why we've created this at‐a‐glance reference guide to keeping skin safe when you're outdoors.
What is SPF?
SPF is a measurement of how well sunscreen can protect you from a sunburn. Using SPF 15 sunscreen means it will take 15x longer for skin to begin to burn than it would without sunscreen.
The biggest sunscreen mistake? Not using enough. Use 1 ounce of sunscreen—roughly the volume of a shot glass or golf ball—for each application.
Avoid peak hours
The sun's rays are strongest between 10 am and 4 pm, so limit your sun exposure during those hours.
UVA and UVB: shield from both
UVB and UVA rays can cause sunburn; while UVA rays can lead to premature skin aging‐and both increase the risk of skin cancer. Protect yourself from both by choosing a Broad Spectrum sunscreen.
Physical or chemical?
Physical sunscreens reflect and absorb the sun's rays, while chemical sunscreens absorb them at the skin's surface. Whichever type you choose, make sure it's Broad Spectrum, minimum 30 SPF.
Apply early and often
Apply sunscreen 15 minutes before going out, and reapply every 2 hours, as well as after sweating, swimming or toweling dry.
Go head first
Make sure not to miss your head, ears, face and nose when applying sunscreen—and double up on protection with a wide-brimmed hat.
Sunburn isn't the only risk of sun exposure—drink plenty of water to avoid heat stroke, heat exhaustion and dehydration.
Don't stop at sunscreen
Clothes block damaging rays. The tighter the weave—and brighter the color—the better. Clothing with UPF (Ultraviolet Protection Factor) is a great choice.
Get out of bed
Tanning beds emit large doses of harmful UV radiation. To get the color you want without tanning, try a gradual tan-building lotion.
Made in the shade
Indirect UVA rays can still damage skin. Play it safe by wearing sunscreen and protective clothing even when you're staying in the shade.
Go higher if needed
Broad Spectrum SPF 30 is generally a smart choice for everyday use, but there are some cases in which dermatologists recommend a higher Broad Spectrum SPF. Learn why you might need a higher SPF.
Follow these tips and keep your skin looking healthy all summer long!